Buddha and Mahavira in search of peace  
Indian history general knowldege

               In the sixth century BC, important works took place in the field of social and religious reform in India.  Is.  Some great reformers worked against curiosities, social inequality, and immorality that entered the social and religious spheres in the sixth century BC.  Gautam Buddha and Mahavira Swami are the main ones.  We will try to understand the life of Gautama Buddha and Mahavira Swami, his sadhana and the human religion he founded. 

Gautam Buddha: 

                 Early life  Information is available.  About 550 birth stories are associated with the ancestors of the Buddha.  There was a state called Kapilvastu in the foothills of Nepal towards the Himalayan region in India.  The Kshatriyas of Kapilavastu are called Shakya.  It was a republic.  The head of this republic was Shuddhodhan.  Mahadevi, the wife of Shuddhodhan.  Gautama Buddha was born in  Born in 566 BC to Shuddhodhan and Mahadevi.  His childhood name was Siddharth.  His mother Mahadevi died a few days after his birth.  So he was brought up by Gautami Mahaprajapati who was his foster mother.  From an early age, Siddharth was involved in education and knowledge.  Next to Kapilvastu was the ashram of a saint named Alarkalam.  Aadhaar Kalam was his guru.  Siddharth going to his ashram.  Here they were meditating.  His father became anxious as Siddhartha continued to discuss knowledge and samadhi.  He felt that Siddharth would not become a hermit, would he?  The marriage was solemnized in Siddhartha's youth.  His wife's name was Yashodhara.  He also had a son named Rahul.  Homelessness and Sadhana: At the age of about 30, he decided to leave his royal family and kingdom and become a hermit in search of enlightenment and truth.

              One night Channa and his favorite horse Kanthak went to the river bank outside the state.  Giving up his royal attire, he gave Channa all his ornaments, ordered Kanthak to go to the palace, and himself, dressed as a hermit's god, walked towards the forest.  After leaving home, they went to Rajgriha and then to a place called Puruvela.  Here he started penance with five Brahmins.  He felt that by giving up food and water and giving pain to the body, knowledge would not be obtained.  It is the great duty of man to conquer the path of spirituality and his own desires.  

                        He decided to leave the company of five Brahmins and do penance alone.  Sitting under a banyan tree at Gautama Buddha Bhodhigaya, he began the sadhana for truth and enlightenment.  After many days of sadhana, on the day of Vaishakhi Purnima, he attained enlightenment.  He attained enlightenment and became a Buddha from Siddhartha.  "Buddha" means awake or wise.  Later he was called Gautam Buddha.  Sermon: After attaining enlightenment, Buddha went to Sarnath.  Where he met his old Brahmin friends.  For the first time he preached to these 22 Brahmin friends at Sarnath.  This first teaching of the Buddha is called "Dharmachakrapravartan".  The Buddha gave a very simple and plain teaching to get rid of the sufferings of the world.

                According to him, there are four Aryan truths? 
 (1) The world is miserable. 
 (2) The cause of suffering is craving. 
 (3) The destruction of sorrow is the renunciation of weeds.  
(4) Adopting the Ashtanga path leads to renunciation of craving.  These four Aryan truths explained by the Buddha are known as the doctrines of Buddhism.  Which is also called Samyak Darshan.  

 Know this:

              Samyak Drishti, Samyak Sankalpa, Samyak Vani, Samyak Karma, Samyak Ajivika, Samyak Vyayam, Samyak Smriti, Samyak Samadhi.  "Samyak" is a Sanskrit word.  It means 'well'.

Buddha as a great reformer: 

                  Buddha was a great religious and social reformer.  He worked all his life to remove the vices that pervaded religion and society.  He had many disciples.  Many kings and kingdoms were encouraged by their humanism.  He reformed as follows: (1) Denial of God and soul: Buddha denied karma and gave importance to karma.  According to him, suffering is not possible if there is a God.  Instead of focusing on the welfare of the soul, one should live a virtuous life in the present.  

(2) Opposition to rituals: Opposing the rituals prevalent in Hinduism, he opposed it to prevent animal violence in Yajna.  He said that non-violence is the highest virtue.  The greatest duty of human beings is to treat all animals with non-violence.

  (3) Opposition to high and low discrimination: At this time Hinduism was divided into four years namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra.  The Buddha opposed this caste system.  “Being born into a high family does not make a person great,” he said.  He becomes great by his deeds, by his good deeds, by his adherence to truth and non-violence.  He vehemently opposed the high and low discrimination prevailing in the society.  

(4) Importance of women: In this human religion, Buddha gave importance to women as much as men.  He said that the path of Nirvana is not only for men, women can also attain Nirvana through sadhana and duty. 


                   Buddha attained enlightenment in the shade of Bodhi tree on Vaishakhi Purnima.  After acquiring knowledge, Buddha continued to reform society and religion in India.  He guided many people.  

                    He preached truth and non-violence and opposed non-vegetarianism and discrimination between high and low.  He died in Kushinara at the age of 80 and attained Nirvana.  But his ideas and religion are still alive around the world today.  Like Mahavira Swami Buddhism, Jainism has an important place in Indian social life. 

                                     There were a total of twenty four Tirthankaras in Jainism.  Agamgranthos are important sources of knowledge about Jainism.  According to these scriptures, the first tirthankar of Jainism was Rishabhdev or Adinath.  Tirthankar Parshvanath was twenty-three.  Parshvanath was the son of King Ashwasena of Kashi.  He left home at the age of thirty and became a hermit and preached Jainism.  He studied Vedic religion and rituals and caste practices.  Protested.  He preached truth, non-violence, non-violence and non-aggression.  He was followed by Mahavira Swami in the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankar.  We will learn about them.

  Mahavir Swami: Early life: 

                 Mahavir Swami was born in the Kshatriya dynasty of Kundagram, a republic of the Vasji Sangh.  His childhood name was Vardhman.  His father Siddhartha was the king of the republic.  Mahavira Swami's mother's name was Trishladevi.  His elder brother's name was Nandivardhan.  As Vardhman was also a prince like Gautama Buddha, he acquired knowledge of many arts.  He was married to Princess Yashoda.  Vardhman's daughter's name was Priyadarshini.  Homelessness and Sadhana: 52 Mahavira Swami At the age of thirty, he left home in search of truth and knowledge.  The beggar lived a life of rigorous penance for twelve years.  On the banks of the river Rijupalik, he attained supreme knowledge.  He was called 'Jin' because he conquered his mind and senses.  Such a great hero became known as Vardhman 'Mahavir'.

Homelessness and Sadhana 

                      Mahavira Swami At the age of thirty, he left home in search of truth and knowledge.  The beggar lived a life of rigorous penance for twelve years.  On the banks of the river Rijupalik, he attained supreme knowledge.  He was called a 'jinn' because he conquered his mind and senses.  Such a great hero became known as Vardhman 'Mahavir'.  Sermon: Like Buddha, Mahavira Swami also believes that the world is full of fear and sorrow.  They deny God.  His teachings are known as the doctrine of Triratna.

  He preached the following five vows:

 (1) Ahimsa:

                     Mahavira Swami believed that violence is the greatest evil of human society.  No violence of any kind should be committed.  Even the youngest has every right to live.  Violence should not be committed even in the mind, the only true duty of human beings is to protect animals. 

 (2) Truth: 

                         Falsehood should never be uttered.  One should not speak without thinking or understanding.  Anger must be abandoned for the sake of truth.  The truth must always be followed in every situation.

  (3) Asteya: 

                  Theft is the greatest evil.  His thing should not be taken without anyone's permission.  He tried to keep the society of the time away from burglary by explaining that entering someone's house without anyone's permission was also theft. 

 (4) Aparigraha:

                       Man should not store more than his need, wealth, grains, ornaments, clothes.  He gave an important message that keeping as much as needed reduces the accumulation and as a result reaches the poor with food items. 

 (5) Celibacy:

                      He specifically told Jain monks and nuns to observe celibacy.  Know this • Triratna (Ratnatrayi) Siddhanta means Samyak Darshan, Samyak Gyan and Samyak Acharan, Mahavir Swami: As a great reformer: Mahavir Swami opposed rituals and yagnas.  He denied God.  Condemned animal violence in Yajna.  Talked about giving women equal rights.  Like the Buddha, he preached in Prakrit and Ardhamagdhi, the language of the people.  He changed people's lives with his simple and easy teaching. 

                        At the age of 72, he attained Nirvana in Pavapuri.  24 Thus about 2500 years ago today, people got new ideas from the teachings of Gautam Buddha and Mahavira Swami.  The religious practices and vices of that time were removed.  A large number of people became his followers.  Both preachers urged the people to adopt the path of peace and virtue and thus they became the promoters of the goodwill of the society.
Major religions of India

> Hinduism is an eternal religion. It is a way of life.  There is no single founder of Hinduism.  Hinduism is intertwined with people's lives.  The Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads, Mahabharata, Gita and Ramayana are important texts of Hinduism.


> The founder of Jainism is 28 Shabhadev (Adinath).  He is the first Tirthankar of Jainism.  Mahavira Swami was the 24th and last Tirthankar of Jainism.  No violence
 Doing, always telling the truth, not stealing is an important teaching of Jainism.  Agam Grantho-Navkar Mantras and Paryushana Parva have an important place in Jainism.


> The founder of Buddhism is Gautama Buddha.  It is also called the 'lighthouse of Asia'.  Gautama Buddha preached in Pali.The main teachings of Buddhism are not to commit violence, not to steal, not to speak the truth, not to abstain, not to drink alcohol, etc.  The main literature ‘Tripitaka’ and The festival is Buddha Purnima.

 > The founder of Islam was Hazrat Muhammad the Prophet.  The Quran - Sharif is the holy book of Islam.  Islam has two sects, Sunni and Shia.  During Namaz, Muslims bow to Mecca.  Mecca is west of India.  The direction towards Mecca is called 'Qibla'.

>  The founder of Christianity is Jesus Christ.  The Bible is the main text of Christianity.  Jesus' birthday is celebrated as' Christmas'.

>The founder of Zoroastrianism is Zarathustra, whose teachings have been compiled in a book called Zid Avesta.  Which is the religious scripture of the Parsis, the Parsis worship fire in the eleventh.  The chief deity is ‘Yahur Mazda’.

> Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism.  He was born in  Born in 1469 in the village of Talwandi in present day Pakistan.  He preached through kirtans
 Has given.  The Golden Temple in Amritsar is a holy shrine of Sikhism.  Gurugranth Saheb is his holy book.  Sikhs worship at gurdwaras.
All About Important revolutions of the world

The Glorious Revolution
(Revolution of 1688/ War of the English Succession/ Bloodless l Revolution)
 The Bloodless Revolution of England (1688)

 AD in England  Seven years from 1642 to 1649 Civil war breaks out, King Charles I is executed in England
 Aapi Prajatantra was declared.  But
 Is.  Monarchy re-established in England in 1600 Done.  Charles II became King of England.  Charles II
 Then came James II to the throne of England.  Mistakes spread internal chaos Is. In 1688A glorious revolution took place in England and as a result democracy was re established in England.  There were no casualties in this revolution.  This is why this revolution is a glorious revolution Is called a bloodless revolution.


 Revolution was different in its general meaning.  There were no fights or quarrels.  This was a product-based revolution in the industrial sector.  In the Industrial Revolution in England and Western Europe, along with various scientific discoveries, new machines were also invented.  Factories and machines were built for every business.  New discoveries were made in agriculture, transportation, machinery and irrigation.  The Industrial Revolution began in England and gradually spread to Europe and other parts of the world.  As a result, the countries of England and Europe spread economically all over the world and were able to rule over many countries in America, Asia and Africa.

American Revolution (1776)

 The American Revolution
 The American Revolution was an important event in Britain's colonialism.  There were 13 British colonies in America at that time.  Between 1713 and 1763, Germans, French, English, and Scots settled in American colonies.  Over a period of 50 years, Americans became very prosperous due to economic growth.  Now American immigrants did not like to live as a British institution.  Is.  In 1776 a meeting of various immigrants was held in Philadelphia.  The meeting proclaimed America's independence.  All the colonies were united and the United States of America (USA) was declared the name of a new nation.  After a long war with Britain led by George Washington, the new country was recognized as the United States of America in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

 French Revolution (1789)
 The French Revolution of 1789 is seen as an important revolution not only in Europe but in the whole world.  This revolution was carried out for social equality, end of privileges and administrative reform against the autocratic authorities.  This long-running revolution led to Napoleon's rise to power as a dictator.  Freedom had no place in his rule.  But he fully adhered to the other two spirits of this revolution, equality as well as brotherhood.  It was the French Revolution of 1789 that spread this spirit in Italy, Germany, Russia, Asia as well as Spain.  The values ​​of freedom, equality and brotherhood are invaluable to the world.

Russian Revolution (1905-1917)

 The Russian Revolution was one but had two phases.  The first March - 1917 and the second November - 1917.
 In Russia you yourself were ruled by Tsar kings.  Lenin formed an organization in Russia called the Bosheviks.  People were plagued by Alexander II's rogue, corrupt, exploitative system.  People marched to Winter Palace to petition against it, and wanted to inform King Tsar II of the plight of the people.  On 22 January 1905, the march was stopped and fired upon by the Tsar's army.  This day is known as 'Bloody Sunday'.  The Borshevik organization was influenced by Marx's ideas.  Marxism emphasizes similar economic trends.  In the society, there was a conflict between the two classes, the poor and the destitute, which is known as class warfare.  This class war led to the ‘Bolshevik Revolution’.  The Russian Revolution is considered to be the world's first working class revolution.  Lenin is known as the father of this revolution.

 Green Revolution in India (1960)
   The period of technological improvement that began in the 1960s is called the Green Revolution.  This timeMeanwhile, various laws, institutional and structural reforms related to farmers and agriculture took place in India.  Various scientific discoveries in the field of food,hybrid seeds Due to the use, use of chemical fertilizers, etc., the production of agricultural products in India increased significantly.  India became self-sufficient in agricultural products and started exporting a lot of agricultural products.  The radical change in the agricultural sector in India is called the 'Green Revolution'.  The pioneer of which was Dr. MS Swaminathan.

White Revolution (1970)
 White Revolution is related to milk production.  Operation Flood was launched to accelerate the pace of the White Revolution.  The pioneer of this revolution, Dr.  Varghese was Kurien.  This program is the largest cooperative dairy development program in the world.  In 1970, the National Dairy Development Board -
 NDDB) initiated.  India ranks first in the world in terms of milk production.  Amul (Anand Milk Union Limited) in Anand district of Gujarat became the laboratory of Dairy White Revolution.  Renaissance in Europe The fall of Constantinople in Turkey in 1453 was the main reason behind the European Renaissance.  Italy is considered the motherland of the Renaissance.  Italian scholars taught mathematics, history, geography, philosophy, astronomy to the people of Europe.  These things gave birth to the Renaissance.  Italy, France,
 Printing machines were established in Belgium and other European countries.  Many kings, nobles and merchants
 Promoted new literature and art.  The rulers of Lorenzo-de-Medici, Florence invited many artists to their court.  The Renaissance resulted in the birth of new literature, art, and science.
Lokmanya Balgangadhar Tilak was born on 23rd July 1856 in Chikhli village of Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.  His father's name was Gangadhar Ramchandra Tilak and mother's name was Parvatibai.  His life was full of many specialties.  His memory was wonderful.  In the eighth year, he had memorized half of Amarkosh.  He was counted among the world's greatest in mathematics and Sanskrit.  The body was weak.  So did 800 penalties every day for a year.  Swimming in the water for hours made the body tough.

 In 1876 Balgangadhar Tilak did his B.A. with Mathematics.  Established a public institution called 'New English School' in Pune.  And worked as a professor of mathematics and Sanskrit for ten years.  Student of advocacy but never went to court to advocate. Advocated for the liberation of Bharatmata all his life.  In 1879 he received the degree of LLB.  He vowed to dedicate his life to the freedom struggle and from 1881 he started publishing two weekly magazines called Kesari and Maratha.  In which he wrote articles that encouraged the nationalist movement.  So many times he even had to go to jail.  He started the practice of celebrating 'Ganesh Utsav' and 'Shivaji Jayanti' to make people participate in the movement.  Tilak's writings and activities caught the eye of the British government.  So whatever the excuse, they put Tilak in jail.  In which he wrote a scholarly book called 'Gitarahasya'.
 After returning from prison, he co-founded the Home Rule League with Dr. Anne Besant.

 Wandered around the country.  And gave calculus.  He never bowed to the British government.  His patriotism, bravery, erudition and austerity were unmatched.  During the famine in 1896, Tilak held a farmers' meeting and started an agitation. The success of this first movement gave recognition to Tilak's political leadership.  He gave "Swaraj is my birth right and I will jump only after getting it."  Became popular.  Lokmanya Tilak died on 1 August 1920 in Mumbai.  He got the respect that hardly any other country leader has got.  Two lakh people had gathered at Mumbai's Chopati to pay homage to him.  Leaders like Gandhiji, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai, Shaukat Ali raised their voices.  And on this day Gandhiji started the fight of non-cooperation.
Source by-
Shri Laljibhai B. Panchal.  
Shri Hathipura Primary School, 
Ta-Patdi Dist-Surendranagar
Grade 4200 is our right, we will jump only after getting it

Friends need one thing to remember that we make any kind of compromise to take our right
 Not in the mood to do. The teacher does not need to be misled by anyone.  As long as the grade pay grade of 4200 is accepted by the government Our right is our right and it is the commitment of the State Primary Teachers Union to fight for it against the government.  The State Primary Teachers Union is clear on this matter so the full moon day of any Ashadh month i.e. Gurupurnima.  This day has a special significance in Indian culture.  In our culture, a teacher is called a guru and a guru is a reality
 Parabrahma is considered.  At the present time we are all sitting in the same position of pride.  We are also gurus for thousands of students.  Every one of our decent (students) will be the best, most loving teacher friends, all will be skilled.

 At the present time we are all in the matter of health
 There is a need to be especially vigilant and to prevent coronavirus infection as you all know.
 You are also aware of the remedies for.  The new academic session has started but without children this academic session seems faint to us.  We all go to school but we are compelled to do the work for which Vidhata has entrusted us.  Hopefully a few
 In days to come, we will be back to our normal state of life and our work.  Since the beginning of our academic session, the government has started a program of "Home Learning".  D.D.  Educational work of children has been started through Girnar (Doordarshan) channel and Diksha portal.  The children have stopped coming to school for the time being but education has been given.  The monthly "Learn at Home" book has also been distributed to children.
 In addition, the distribution of textbooks to children of every standard has been largely completed.  The teachers of the state have also informed the parents and children about the current system of education by visiting the homes of the children and the conscious parents as well as the children have started taking education through this system.  Which is a matter of pleasure.  Regular schools are also being opened by teachers in each school with rotation system.

 The state government's "home learning" program is great, but teachers are being harassed by officials at the district and taluka levels.  Although every teacher tries to make the ‘Home Learning’ program smooth according to the local situation, the teachers are unnecessarily harassed by some taluka level officials which is not at all appropriate.  All the district presidents, general secretaries and state union office bearers have a statement that teachers should not turn a blind eye to any matter that is being harassed and if the officer needs to say two words, say two words in the interest of the teachers.  We also have to look after the interest of our teachers.

 A meeting was also held with the committee at Gandhinagar regarding the committee which was constituted by the state government on the issue of 300 grade pay.  Our future will be successful ...
The Story Of  Asho Jarathu.
 You may know that our country is inhabited by people of different religions like Hindus, Muslims, Parsis, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, you have to learn the biographies of the main men of many of these religions this year.  Asho Zarathustra, the chief man of Zoroastrianism, is considered to be the oldest of them all.  Couldn't be sure when they're done, either
  It is believed that AO occurred about 200 years ago.  Very little is known about his life.  However, based on the stories that are prevalent about him, we will introduce his life.

  The Story Of  Asho Jarathu.

  In Iran, when the state of religion collapsed, the virtues of truth, kindness, humility, etc. were destroyed and oppression, lies, hatred, etc. increased everywhere, people became miserable, to show them the right path.
  When that did not happen, a son was born to a virtuous man of the royal family named Pourushasp in the city of Rae in Iran.  Pourushasp was as learned and virtuous as himself, immersed in the devotion of God, just as his wife Dodyo was also devout and husbandly.  The kings and chiefs in Iran at this time oppressed the people All who were passing by knew that the child who had incarnated there was coming to destroy us.  So he plotted to kill the child.  But Porushspan gave birth to this radiant child.  Upon learning, he sent a pier to his pregnant wife
 There he named his ancestors
It was thrown into the fire, into a herd of wolves, and spit on stormy horses.  The wicked people of the country threw immortal characters of history among the crowds to destroy it, but who tastes what Ram keeps?  The fire was extinguished, the wolves' jaws clenched, and a white horse stood guard over the baby.

 Out of all these troubles, when Smitam grew up, his father hired a learned and charismatic teacher for him and it was he who led him to godliness.  At that time, people in Iran were married at the age of fifteen, but Spitam went into exile at that age and spent fifteen years in meditation and penance.
 One thing is said about him that when AO was twenty years old, there was a famine in the country and cows and other cattle started roaming without fodder.  He kept the cattle alive by feeding them all the grass he had at home, and a pious man at the time. Giving food to the famine-stricken people, he and his companions helped him a lot.
 The evil forces of the world when his penance came to an end Sardar Aherem was tempted by various temptations to drive him out of penance, promising to give him the kingdom of the whole earth, but Spitam did not waver or fear.  He replied firmly, "If my life is gone, if the bones of my body are broken, then I will never worship God."Don't give up. ”Ahreman was disappointed after this answer.  And at the completion of the penance of Sthitam he became known as Zarathustra. Thus at the age of thirty he became enlightened and He returned to his family from exile and began to spread the knowledge he had learned.  His first disciple was his uncle's son Maidhyomah.  He became Zarathustra's lifelong companion and continued to serve him to the fullest.  At first, people did not accept his message.  He faced great opposition and crisis Had to do.  Gustaksh, the king of the bulbs, welcomed him and accepted his message at a time when the whole country was wandering at the end of despair.  The two viziers of Gussasp also became disciples of Zarathustra.  Thus, the spread of Zoroastrianism began to spread rapidly.  But for the same reason, King Arjasap of Iran attacked the bulb twice.  He won the second battle and burned the Zoroastrian monasteries.  Zarathustra was praying in a monastery when he was killed by an enemy chief.

  Thus, on the 7th year of his life, Zarathustra left the body.

 He opposed the practice of sacrificing animals in idolatry and sacrifices in Iran during his time.  In the religion he spread, worshiping the light of God, worshiping God, raising animals, plowing the earth, growing trees, doing industry, maintaining cleanliness, public interest and public health works
 Doing so includes helping the poor and those in distress.  In addition, there are three vows to maintain purity in mind, speech and karma - hukam, hookh, huvrat - suvichar, suvani, sukarma.
The immortal character of history of Mahavira Swami
 The twenty-fourth Tirthankar of Jainism is considered to be Mahavira.  Those who have conquered the mind, speech and body completely are called 'gin'.  Those who follow the religion of such men are called Jains.  Such Mahatmas, through their teachings and life examples, have saved countless people from this world,
 That is why such men are called Tirthakar.  Tirth means Ovaro, Aro, the place where the river descends.  Those who built this worldly river, paved the way, are Tirthakar.
 Rishabhdev is considered to be the first pilgrim of Jainism.  It is said in the Jain scriptures that in his time people did not seem to be able to read or write, nor did they know how to cook or shave.  But also the way to get married
 Did not turn on.  It was Rishabhdev who taught people writing, mathematics, cookery, etc. and introduced the method of marriage.  Mahavira Swami is the twenty-fourth Tirthankar.  He was born about 200 years ago in Vaishali town to a Kshatriya king named Siddhartha.  His mother's name was Trishladevi.  From the time he was born, his father's wealth, grain, strength, etc. began to increase greatly.
 That is why the king named him 'Vardhman'.
 From an early age, AOs were very strong and intelligent and began to demand it.  A king named Samaraveer sent a message to Vardhman's father to marry his daughter Yashoda to Vardhman.  Putranuman also left the world and turned to sadhana.  The parents were worried about him.  When Ao grew up, he knew that his mind was not in the world for him, so his parents tried to find out his opinion on the matter through Vardhman's friends. Vardhman told his friends, "I am thinking of becoming a monk.
Believe me, I have a lot of affection for him, so I have decided not to become a monk while he is alive with the intention that he will not be shocked.  Despite knowing this, if they want to marry me and bind me in the world, then they must force me. ”  But her parents decided to marry her.  And Vardhman could not deny them.  Thus he got married to Yashoda.  In time, they had a daughter.  Mahavira died when his parents died at the age of twenty-eight.  Now he felt that he could be baptized.  But his older brother insisted on staying for another two years.

 Vardhman also succumbed to the insistence.  His determination was strong so he didn't mind stopping.  He spent those two years in preparation for penance and after two years he left the world.  He spent the next twelve years in various rigorous penances and meditations.  During these twelve years, AO traveled to many villages and faced many difficulties.  Getting dry and stale food.
 Often killing people, barking dogs.  Dogs eat meat loaves.  Mosquitoes pierce the body.  Snake-snake bites.  People throwing dust.  Beating them.  Tumbling  Thus, in the midst of various hardships, a car accident happened at the end of twelve years.  Mahavira was sitting in meditation outside the village.  A cowherd a little farther away
 The oxen were grazing in the fields.  So he had to go to Kamsar village.  He told Vardhman, who was meditating, to save the ox and rushed to the village.  Vardhama did not even hear this.  The oxen fell alone and wandered off into the bushes.  Gowal comes back and sees
 If there is, the ox is not found.  He asked Vardhman who was sitting in meditation but he did not answer.  So he got irritated.  ‘Ears or holes?’  Saying this, he took two spears and stuck them in both the ears of Vardhman.  Even this terrible pain was borne by Vardhama with a dumb mouth.  Then next
 Went to town begging.  There a householder begged him for money.

 There was a doctor sitting there who understood from Vardhman's mouth that he was in pain somewhere.  Her earlobe was found during the investigation.  His Majesty grabbed him by the tongs and pulled out both the skewers, but the agony that took place at that time also caused him to scream.  This
 Then in a short time at the age of 2-3 years, he only got knowledge.  He traveled for thirty years to spread the knowledge he had acquired.  He traveled extensively in what is now called Bihar and in some parts of Bengal.  His rule was not to stay more than one night in any village, and not to stay more than five-seven nights in a big village.  In the monsoon they lived in the same place.  He made many disciples.  There were eleven major ones.  One of his disciples was a woman named Chand.  Thus he established a separate union of monks and nuns.  They leave the world and follow the strict rules of heat.  Stays in another world and listens to the teachings of the sages.  They are called listeners and listeners.

  He emphasized this point in his sermon:
1. Speaking the truth.  .  
2.violence of life.  
3. stealing
4. Celebrating celibacy.  
5. Don't hoard things.